Which Duramax Years to Avoid and Why? (Explained)

The Duramax V8 engine is a 6.6-liter Diesel engine manufactured by DMAX, a joint venture between General Motors and Isuzu.

The Duramax engine was introduced in 2001 as the replacement for the 6.2L and 6.5L Detroit engines. It proved to be a formidable competitor in the light diesel market.

The engine has undergone various changes and enhancements over the years to guarantee that GMC and Chevrolet pickup trucks outperform their competitors.

If you’re looking to purchase a used Chevy or GMC truck, I’ll tell you which Duramax years to skip and which to opt for in this post. This data is depending on the total of complaints submitted by users about the various model years. Let’s get started.

Duramax Years to Avoid (List of Year)

There are several Duramax engines to select from if you want fuel economy, dependability, comfort, and power. This is certainly relevant if you’re looking for a Chevrolet Silverado or GMC Sierra that’s less than ten years old.

As a result, you must understand which Duramax years to ignore. I advise you to avoid GM vehicles with the following engines:

  • 2001 – 2004 Duramax LB7
  • 2004 – 2005 Duramax LLY
  • 2006 – 2007 Duramax LBZ
  • 2007 – 2012 Duramax LMM

If you have a Chevy Kodiak, Chevy Silverado, GMC Sierra HD, or GMC Top kick with the Duramax LB77, you will almost certainly encounter a fuel injection system malfunction. This is especially true if the previous occupant did not follow GM’s procedure for replacing the injectors under warranty.

The most prevalent issues with the Duramax LLY engine found in the 2004 – 2005 Chevrolet Silverado, Hummer H1, and GMC Sierra HD include overheating when hauling and blown head gaskets.

The LBZ is one of the most sought-after Duramax engines. It addressed the LLY’s overheat and blown gasket concerns. However, I advise against it owing to pistons that shatter at greater horsepower.

The Duramax LMM replaced the LBZ in 2007 and was used in Chevrolet Silverado HD, Kodiak, Express, and GMC Topkick, Savanna, and Sierra HD vehicles until 2010.

At greater horsepower, it, too, suffers from broken pistons, as did its predecessor. The emissions from the diesel filter have a failure site as Ill.

What Makes Are These Duramax Years Worth Avoiding?

So, what distinguishes them as the Duramax years to avoid? There are a few notable flaws that stand out as the most common customer complaints concerning these engines. I will go through each of them so you can see why I advocate opting with older Duramax engines.

Some of the most compelling reasons to avoid these years are as follows:

  • Fuel Injector Failure
  • Water Pump Failure
  • Fuel Filter Housing O-ring Leaks
  • Blown Head Gasket
  • Overheating

Following Ire some of the most common concerns about Duramax engines. Let’s go through each of these concerns in-depth, focusing on details within the issue and reviewing the versions which were more susceptible to the problems.

1. Fuel Injector Failure

The injector problems were entirely the product of a faulty design. Because the problem was so widespread, Chevy built new injectors and provided a special guarantee of 7 years or 200,000 miles. Most Duramax on the road should have the new injectors fitted by now.

Nevertheless, with the upgraded injectors, these components are still subject to error. These injectors, together with the CP3 pump, are subjected to tremendous stress when operating at 23,000psi.

Regrettably, this is a prohibitively costly substitute. Aside from the expense of the injectors, labor takes roughly 16 hours to complete because they are located behind the valve covers and hundreds of pieces must be removed to reach them. Some of the concerns are as follows:

  • Misfires in the engine.
  • Idling erratically.
  • Sluggish acceleration and a drop in overall performance.
  • CELs for either lean or affluent bank codes.

2. Water Pump Failure

Water pump malfunction is prevalent in almost every Duramax on the market. Unlike the Duramax water pump failure, which is caused by a plastic impeller, the Duramax’s problems are caused by the water pump’s coolant side seal.

The LB7 water pump features a cast-iron impeller rather than the plastic impeller that GM upgraded to on the Duramax 6.6L engine in 2006.

The water pump does have a gasket on the side that holds the force from the rotating shaft inside it. The seal becomes damaged over time due to regular Iar and tear, resulting in a coolant leak.

Aside from the coolant leak, the system’s decreased pressure will hinder the LB7 from properly pumping liquid throughout the refrigeration system, leading to the engine overheating rapidly.

Symptoms of water pump failure:

  • The engine’s coolant is leaking.
  • Frequently occurring overheating.
  • Low coolant light on all the time.
  • The pump is making noises.
  • Steaming from the radiator.

3. Fuel Filter Housing O-ring Leaks

To transport gasoline from the petrol tank to the fuel injectors, the LB7 employs an injection pump, also known as a high-pressure fuel pump. A fuel filter and filter head are part of the fuelling system, and they filter fuel before it is fed via the lines to the injectors.

The gasoline lines of the Duramax are occasionally reported to leak. The majority of Duramax fuel leaks, however, are caused by the filter element.

Fuel leaks have an impact on fuel supply to the engine and can also let air into the fuel lines. As you may expect, spilling air and fuel in the pipes will result in a variety of performance concerns.

Symptoms of a faulty fuel filter housing in Duramax:

  • The fuel pump loses prime, causing the engine to struggle to start.
  • Engine codes for a low fuel rail
  • Misfires in the engine, unsteady idling.
  • Performance difficulties

You have two replacement options: buy a new head assembly or buy a repair kit and reinstall the O-rings, gaskets, nuts, and so on. Because neither alternative is very cheap, I generally suggest changing the whole component for peace of mind.

4. Blown Head Gasket

For several reasons, head gaskets are a typical site of failure on the Duramax. These engines are notorious for periodically overheating while towing, as I’ll see in the upcoming issue.

The majority of the time, however, when a Duramax bursts a head gasket, the construction of the gasket is true to a fault. For each cylinder, GM employed a steel gasket with a restraining ring.

Around the cylinder bore, the containment ring featured ridges. These ridges are regarded to be the primary cause of the gasket’s natural deterioration over time.

The ridges would enable pressure to build up between the gasket layers, resulting in a leak. Seeps can occur either externally, where coolant defects on the exterior of the block, or internally when coolant seeps into the cylinders.

5. Overheating

Another common complaint is that the Duramax regularly overheats while pulling big loads. While a defective water pump can also cause overheating, this overheating is likely to be caused by a faulty fan clutch.

The fan clutch, often known as the engine fan, is in charge of supplying both cooling and heating impacts to an engine. When the engine is cold, the fan does not run, enabling the engine to warm up faster.

When the fan fails to engage at normal operating temperatures, the cooling system gets ineffective at maintaining the engine at normal running temperatures, resulting in overheating.

A filthy radiator is the second possible reason for Duramax overheating. Naturally, muck, dirt, and other particles will accumulate in the radiator over time. Since this happens, the radiator’s efficacy reduces, which might lead to overheating.

Which Years are Safe to Buy Used?

Since 2001, up to 11 different Duramax engines have been manufactured worldwide. They come in a variety of eight, six, and four-cylinder V or inline (I) forms. This implies that there are a plethora of engine options to choose from.

Earlier Duramax engines have been plagued by a couple of unavoidable issues that cost owners money in maintenance. If you’re searching for a low-maintenance engine, I suggested the best Duramax year models:

  • 2010 – 2017 Duramax LGH
  • 2011 – 2016 Duramax LML
  • 2011 – 2021 Duramax XLD25
  • 2012 – 2021 Duramax XLD28
  • 2014 – 2021 Duramax LWN
  • 2017 – 2021 Duramax L5P
  • 2019 – 2021 Duramax LM2

To comply with new emissions laws, the Duramax engine underwent significant upgrades in 2011. Despite being more difficult than its forefathers, it is more dependable. The most secure Duramax model years to buy are those manufactured between 2011 and 2021.

Duramax LGH, Duramax LML, Duramax XLD25, Duramax XLD28, Duramax LWN, Duramax L5P, and Duramax LM2 are among them. Because of a diesel exhaust fluid/urea injection function, these engines go a step further to generate cleaner emissions.

Owners can also boost fuel efficiency by employing exhaust after-treatment using an after-treatment system.

The main issue with these engines is that they have weak tie rods that can fail while street racing, off-roading, or sled pulling. The emissions after-treatment framework particulate filter also has a potential failure site.

Conclusion

When looking for a used automobile, determining the ideal year may be difficult. If you choose the wrong model, you may end up squandering your money.

I’ve discussed the very worst years including some of the most noteworthy problems consumers have raised throughout time. I’ve also spoken about some of the greatest years money can buy.

These selections are fantastic used options for anyone wishing to invest in a Duramax and sail high above the bad years. I hope this article assists you in locating your new favorite automobile.

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