The Vortec 5.3L V8 LMG engine’s cylinder heads feature “cathedral”-shaped intake ports that promote exceptional airflow. They support great airflow at higher rpm for a broader horsepower band, along with strong, low-rpm torque.
However, many consumers have face difficulties with the cracked head, but they could have prevented the problem if they were aware of the initial sign and symptoms to get a hint.
Therefore, in this very article, let’s learn how to detect when your Vortec 5.3L V8 LMG engine’s cylinder head needs immediate attention.
What Is The Sign Of The 5.3 Vortec Cracked Cylinder Head?
One of the most common and obvious signs of Vortec 5.3L V8 LMG engine’s cracked cylinder head is the white smoke from the vehicle’s tailpipe.
Since the cylinder head contains oil in it, the cracked head can cause oil leak. And this leak can create misfire which is a prominent sign of vortec cracked head.
5.3 Vortec Cracked Cylinder Head Symptoms:
There are other significant symptoms by which you can easily identify when your 5.3 Vortec head needs proper inspection and repairing or replacement.
So, let’s learn more about those symptoms and how to detect 5.3 Vortec cracked head failure –
1. Low Performance of Engine
The most common symptom you may experience is a noticeable loss in engine power. The engine will run slower and rough.
Another common symptom that directly indicates the cracked head is when you notice a significant loss of power.
Especially while on acceleration, driving up a slope, or even during towing engine will constantly lose power.
2. Oil Leak
The cylinder head contains oil in it. So, if the head gets cracked, the oil will leak. You’ll notice that the oil light on your dashboard will turn on, indicating a low oil pressure.
Open your hood and see if there is engine oil near the cylinder head. If you don’t find any oil, the oil leak might be caused by another reason.
3. Coolant Leak and Overheating
In addition to oil, coolant can also come out from a severely cracked head. As a result, the engine will overheat. However, coolant leaks can also be caused by internal leaks.
Check your coolant level and immediately stop driving if you find a coolant leak or see a noticeable drop in the coolant level.
4. Engine Head Smoke
If the crack is severe, it can cause white smoke to come from the engine. It can either be caused by a coolant leak or an oil leak.
When the leaker oil or coolant makes contact with the engine’s combustion chamber, they produce smoke.
5. Engine Misfire
An engine needs three ingredients for complete combustion: proper spark, the correct air/fuel ratio, and adequate compression.
As we’ve seen, if the cracked cylinder head is severe, then there will be a mixture of oil and gases in the combustion chamber. This mixture cannot burn properly, and it can result in a loss of compression, causing the engine to misfire.
These are the most commonly identified symptoms that indicate the vortec cracked head. So, if you also own one of the Vortec 5.3L V8 LMG engines on your vehicle, make sure to keep them in mind.
What To Do When You Detect 5.3 Vortec Cracked Cylinder Head?
Whenever you encounter any symptoms indicating that your 5.3 vortec head has any damage, make sure to follow the below instructions in order to fix the problem-
You don’t necessarily have to replace the cylinder head if it is cracked. Although repairing a crack has some risk, it will cost much less than replacing it if you can do it properly. The 5.3 vortec engine’s cylinder head is made of cast aluminum.
Most small cracks in this cylinder head can be repaired by pinning, while larger cracks need TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) welding.
Although pinning is most commonly used with cast iron heads, it can be used to repair aluminum too. It is an easy technique, and you’ll only require a drill along with a guide fixture and tap.
You’ll have to drill holes in both ends of the crack to constrain it from spreading. Then drill holes at intervals along the length of the crack and fill the crack by installing overlapping pins.
You can either use tapered pins or straight pins. Sealer is not that necessary if you use tapered pins, but it is if you use straight ones.
However, pinning won’t work if the cracked area is too thin or too large. You’ll need TIG welding there. It’s the most common repair technique for cast aluminum as it prevents the formation of aluminum oxide that contaminates the welding.
The basic idea of welding is to melt the surrounding area and fill the crack with molten metal and a filler rod. Before welding, you have to prepare the crack first.
First, you need to grind the crack properly. If you grind the surface only, welding over the crack won’t be a long-lasting solution as the underlying crack will still be there. Before grinding out the crack, the head should be clean, grease-free, and dry.
You should grind the crack properly. Clean the surface of the metal with a stainless steel wire brush after grinding.
After grinding, the surface of the metal should be cleaned with a stainless steel wire brush. The head has to be cooled down slowly after welding.
This can be done either by placing the head back in the oven or wrapping it in an insulating blanket. If you don’t do so, the welded area can crack easily.
Is Replacing A Vortec 5.3 Cylinder Head Typically Expensive?
Unfortunately, replacing the cylinder head is a rather expensive job. Continuing to drive with a cracked head will likely lead to the crack becoming more severe and more coolant continuing to be lost.
But if you have figured out the problems on time, you don’t have to bear that much cost.
The estimated cost owners have to bear for that replacement task is around $800 to a maximum of $1,000.
Cylinder heads are an important part of your car engine. They accommodate the fuel burning and the valves that direct airflow. But sometimes, they can crack due to extreme pressure.
Check out the 5 most common symptoms to help you determine if your cylinder head is cracked. Keeping an eye on these symptoms will surely reduce your damage.