How to Tell if a 4wd Actuator is Bad? – [Signs & Symptoms]

You cannot expect your 4wd vehicle to perform up to the notch if there is anything wrong with the actuator. 

The riding experience will be very poor and in the worst-case scenario, it can even lead to serious accidents as well. 

So always keeping an eye on the actuator’s health will be a wise decision but do you know how to tell if a 4wd actuator is bad? 

No? 

We got you covered! Below I have listed down bad 4wd actuator symptoms that who knows you might be ignoring for a while. 

What is a 4WD Actuator & How it Works?

It is an electric device that engages the vehicle’s front two differentials. That means, all 4 wheels of the vehicle works, instead of just two back wheels. 

In other words, it enables you to engage and disengage all four wheels in the vehicle which makes the vehicle powerful. 

And you can do it through a switch on your dashboard. 

You will not see a 4WD actuator in every vehicle. It comes in 4wd vehicles. 

But if you want to add a little more power then you can do it with the help of a 4WD actuator. That being said, the engine needs to be compatible and should have the ability to engage the front wheels. 

And this is how the 4WD actuator works. 

The axle actuator and the transfer case both work together to deliver the needed torque to all 4 wheels. The transfer is what connects the input from the transmission to all wheels. 

How to Tell if a 4wd Actuator is Bad? 4 Symptoms To Detect:

How would someone know if there is anything wrong with the actuator? Through several symptoms! 

Every problem has symptoms and you will have to be at all ear to notice any change in the behaviors of the vehicle. 

However, below I have listed few symptoms you should notice in your 4wd if the actuator isn’t working fine. 

1. Hesitation in Throttle response.

A healthy vehicle will respond to throttle instantly, very rarely the throttle response might hesitate a bit. But it gets okay after. 

But when your 4wd actuator is damaged or worn out, then you might see constant hesitation on the throttle response. 

A damaged actuator might send a false signal to the ECM which might result in excess fuel delivery to the motor than the air. 

Due to this and rich situation can take place in the combustion chamber and that can make the engine delay the igniting air and fuel mixture. 

That being said, some other reasons also cause hesitated throttle response. The kicker actuator is a part of the EFI (Electronic Fuel Injection) system. 

And even a sensor gets damaged and requires replacement, you might see this symptom. 

However, do not decide just by noticing one symptom, look for other symptoms and that will be helpful to detect the issue. 

2. Reduction in Fuel Economy 

When you notice poor fuel economy in your vehicle that could be a symptom of some serious problem. And you shouldn’t ignore it at all. 

When the kicker actuator sends a false signal to the computer, that results in false or inaccurate air to fuel ratio. 

And this not only makes the engine consumes more fuel, if going on for long period, but this might also damage the engine pretty bad as well. 

3. Black Smoke 

When the air to fuel ratio is inaccurate, it is normal that there will be a lot of unburnt fuel. And that fuel will get out of the tailpipe in black smoke. 

So your vehicle bowling out black smoke, that is surely not a good thing. And same as before, there are a bunch of reasons why a vehicle blows out black smoke. 

4. Engine Stalling. 

A damaged or worn-out throttle kicker actuator can affect the idle ability of the engine sometimes. You will see the engine shutting off or stall when the idle drives low. 

This might happen even when an actuator isn’t working at all. In that case, you will be needing to replace the actuator. 

In new 4Wd vehicles when the throttle actuator fails that causes OBD-II Error, which will be stored in ECU. 

Final Verdict 

So this is how you tell if a 4WD actuator is bad. There might be few other symptoms of bad actuator but these are the major ones. And you shouldn’t ignore any of these symptoms. 

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